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Orange-Senqu River Basin: Preparation of Climate Resilient Water Resources Investment Strategy &Plan and Multipurpose Project

Background: The Orange-Senqu River Basin originates in the highlands of Lesotho and runs for over 2300 km to its mouth on the Atlantic Ocean in Namibia/South Africa. The river system is one of the largest river basins in Africa with a total catchment area of about 1.0 million km2 and encompasses all of the Lesotho, a significant portion of South Africa, Botswana and Namibia. The basin is of major economic importance to South Africa contributing 26% to South Africa’s GDP.



I. Origine et contexte du Projet
I.1 La Communauté Économique des États de l’Afrique Centrale (CEEAC), créée en octobre 1983 et son Secrétariat Général mis en place en janvier 1985, compte actuellement onze États membres à savoir : l’Angola, le Burundi, le Cameroun, la Centrafrique, le Congo, le Gabon, la Guinée- Equatoriale, la RD Congo, le Rwanda, le Sao Tome & Principe et le Tchad.



Project History and Background
The Government of Swaziland, Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy, Department of Water Affairs intends to assess the feasibility for the construction of a multipurpose dam, whose main objective is to store water in order to provide potable water to the two growing cities of Mbabane and Manzini. In the meantime, the stored water could also be used for irrigation and for improving the output of runoff the river hydropower plants further downstream.


Baro-Akobo-Sobat development programme

May 2012 - The Eastern Nile Technical Regional Office (ENTRO, the technical arm of the Nile Basin Initiative, received a € 2 million grant for a development study to support investment efforts to finance the Baro-Akobo-Sobat development programme. The region holds tremendous potential for the cooperative development of water resources, if enhanced, promises significant socio-economic impacts that can reduce poverty.


Supporting multi-purpose water storage to build climate resilience in Mozambique

December 15, 2014 – The Government of Mozambique has received a 3.4 million grant to conduct a feasibility study for the development of a climate adaptation project in the lower Limpopo region. The study will prepare the building of infrastructure to protect the Limpopo basin from floods and droughts and to increase food security by boosting agricultural production. The infrastructure to be built could also lead to hydro-electric power production for the region.


Reducing food insecurity, flooding and droughts in Uganda and South Sudan.

November 2014 – The Nile Equatorial Lakes Subsidiary Action Program (NELSAP) has received a €1.97 million grant to increase water availability for multiple purposes in the Nyimur region of Uganda and South Sudan. The grant will support the improvement of irrigated agriculture and food production, fisheries, electricity generation and sanitation as well as the prevention of flooding and droughts in the region.


Development of the Songwe River Basin

May 2010 - Governments of Tanzania and Malawi received a €4 million grant to support the investment preparation for the development of Songwe River Basin. The goal of the project is to contribute to improved living conditions of basin population and socio-economic development in the two countries. The specific objectives are to prepare designs and joint investment projects for implementation and create an effective enabling environment for transboundary water resources management (TWRM) in the Songwe River Basin.


Re-optimization and re-operation study of the Akosombo, Kpong dams

August 2010 - The Water Resources Commission (WRC) of Ghana received a € 1.8 million grant to finance the Akosombo and Kpong Dams reoptimisation and reoperation study. The purpose of the project is to investigate the technical and economic feasibility of a technique for reoptimising the operations of the Akosombo and Kpong hydropower dams to reintroduce (or at least improve or enhance) downstream livelihoods and ecosystems, while maintaining, and indeed enhancing, power generation output and reliability.

Photo courtesy of Nasa


A dam in Swaziland to cover water shortages

The project will provide drinking water to urban areas, including Mbabane and Manzini, the two major cities of the country. The water stored by the dam will also be used for irrigation and hydro-power generation. The multipurpose dam project is a priority investment for the Swazi Government. The 300.000 inhabitants in the area will benefit from this investment.


Boosting hydropower and irrigation in Tanzania

Tanzania is expected to benefit from a boost in hydropower generation and irrigation development thanks to a new study financed by the African Water Facility (AWF). This EUR 2-million grant will help the government of Tanzania launch the pre-feasibility study of a multipurpose dam, irrigation and hydropower project in Kikonge (South West).